Protecting The Environment Short Essay Length

3 + 1 ιδέες για ΠΣΚ, από την νέα ταινία κινουμένων σχεδίων της Pixar και το καθιερωμένο παζάρι του Meet Market, μέχρι μεζεδάκια κάτω από τα δέντρα καθώς και μια σκανδιναβική σειρά που θα σε καθηλώσει.

Αν πας σινεμά

Ο μέσος άνθρωπος σκέφτεται αναρίθμητες φορές κατά τη διάρκεια της ημέρας πόσο εύκολα και ωραία θα ήταν όλα εάν έμπαινε στο μυαλό κάποιου και έβλεπε τι σκέφτεται. Η φανταστική Pixar παίρνει αυτή την ιδέα και μας συστήνει τα μικρά ανθρωπάκια/συναισθήματα που κατοικούν μέσα στο κεφάλι μας, μέσα από την ιστορία της 11χρονης Ράιλι. Η Ράιλι μετακομίζει από τη Μινεσότα, την πατρίδα του δημιουργού της ταινίας Pete Docter (Monsters Inc, Up) και των Brenda και Brandon Walsh, στο Σαν Φρανσίσκο λόγω της δουλειάς του μπαμπά της, και φυσικά περνάει ζόρι. Η Χαρά, η Λύπη, ο Φόβος, Η Αηδία και ο Θυμός καθοδηγούν τη Ράιλι μέσω τηλεχειριστηρίου από το κέντρο ελέγχου του μυαλού της παίζοντας συναισθηματικό βόλεϊ, και κάπως έτσι η Pixar (σε μια ταινία που σηκώνει και αξίζει πολλά πολλά sequel) με ένα χαμόγελο πληρότητας και ένα ασυγκράτητο δάκρυ συγκίνησης λέει στους μικρούς θεατές (ok, ποιον κοροϊδεύουμε, και οι ενήλικες περιμένουμε την ταινία από πέρσι) ότι το ξέρουμε πως είναι δύσκολο το να μεγαλώνεις, και το να σε στεναχωρεί αυτό δεν είναι το τέλος του κόσμου. Συμβαίνει σε όλους μας. Επίσης μη σηκωθείς από την καρέκλα σου πριν ολοκληρωθούν οι τίτλοι τέλους και χάσεις την πιο αστεία και έξυπνη σύλληψη της κινηματογραφικής σεζόν.

“Inside Out” | «Ταμυαλάπουκουβαλάς» (2015) του Pete Docter, μετιςφωνέςτων Amy Poehler, Phyllis Smith, Bill Hader, Mindy Kaling, Lewis Black, Richard Kind

 

Αν πας για μπύρα και μεζέ

Η πλατεία Προσκόπων μέχρι τα τέλη του 19ου αιώνα λεγόταν Βατραχονήσι, ήταν (προφανώς) γεμάτη βατράχια και είχε ελάχιστα μαγαζιά. Εδώ και λίγα χρόνια και για κακή, μάλλον, τύχη των κατοίκων της περιοχής, έχει γίνει ένα από τα μεγαλύτερα hot spot της πόλης. Εάν ξεπεράσεις τη δυσκολία του παρκαρίσματος φτάνοντας, θα βρεις άφθονες επιλογές για όλα τα γούστα. Μια από αυτές είναι το χαλαρό, φιλόξενο, ηλιόλουστο και οικονομικότατο καφενείο Βρούτος. Θες να πιεις τον καφέ σου και να διαβάσεις την εφημερίδα (ή το tablet σου); Στον Βρούτο. Θες να πιεις μια μπύρα με ένα μικρό μεζέ και να πεις τα νέα σου με φίλους; Στον Βρούτο. Θες να φας (το κότσι του είναι ξακουστό) και να πιεις τα κρασάκια σου και να μην χρεοκοπήσεις; Στον Βρούτο. Στα ατού τα συμπαθέστατα παιδιά που δουλεύουν εκεί και κυρίως, εάν παραβλέψεις λίγο το τσιμέντο γύρω σου, αυτή η ανεπαίσθητη αίσθηση που σου βγαίνει στην αυλή του η οποία βρίσκεται στην απέναντι μεριά της Αμύντα, ότι βρίσκεσαι στην πλατεία κάποιου ορεινού χωριού, κάτω από τα δέντρα, και η πόλη είναι πολύ μακριά.

Βρούτος, Αμύντα 12, Πλ. Προσκόπων, Παγκράτι, 2107219254

 

Αν βολτάρεις στο Κέντρο

Το γνωστό στέκι στο Μοναστηράκι έχει φιλοξενήσει ουκ ολίγες φορές το πιο χαρούμενο και φρέσκο παζάρι που κυκλοφορεί, και το διήμερο αυτό αποτελεί την ιδανική ευκαιρία να δώσεις το ραντεβού σου με όλους αυτούς που έχασες το καλοκαίρι και να μοιραστείτε τις ηλιοκαμένες (ή έστω χαλαρωμένες) σας εμπειρίες. Οι πρώτες ημέρες του φθινοπώρου χρειάζονται απαραίτητα εμβόλιμες ξένοιαστες βόλτες, όπως το Meet Market. Στην γκαλερί, στο μέσα bar, στον συναυλιακό χώρο και έξω στο πεζοδρόμιο της Αβραμιώτου θα στηθούν πάνω από 35 πάγκοι με όλων των ειδών τα καλούδια για να χαζέψεις και να ψωνίσεις κανένα δωράκι. Τρομερή αφορμή και για μερικές από τις κοκτεϊλάρες του six d.o.g.s. που μπορούν να συνοδεύσουν την έξοδό σου.

TheMeetMarketSixd.o.g.s. Αβραμιώτου 6-8, Σάββατο 5 & Κυριακή 6 Σεπτεμβρίου, 15:00–00:00

 

Αν μείνεις σπίτι

Η γέφυρα Øresund, ένα εντυπωσιακό αρχιτεκτονικό θαύμα, ενώνει εδώ και 15 χρόνια την Κοπεγχάγη με το Μάλμε της Σουηδίας με αυτοκινητόδρομο και σιδηρόδρομο, έχει μήκος 8 χιλιόμετρα και κάθε χρόνο τη διανύουν χιλιάδες επιβάτες οχημάτων και τρένων. Στην πρώτη σκηνή του Bron/Broen (=γέφυρα στα σουηδικά και τα δανέζικα, αντίστοιχα) ένα πτώμα βρίσκεται τοποθετημένο ακριβώς στο σύνορο, πάνω στη διαχωριστική γραμμή ανάμεσα σε Δανία και Σουηδία. Έτσι αποτελεί κοινή υπόθεση και η χημεία μεταξύ των αστυνομικών που καλούνται να την αναλάβουν είναι τα μισά αστεράκια της σειράς. Η αξιολάτρευτα εμμονική με τη δουλειά της, εντελώς μοναχική και αποστομωτικά απροσάρμοστη, στα όρια του ρομπότ, Σουηδή Saga, συνεργάζεται (τελικά) άψογα με τον Δανό Martin, έναν άνδρα διαλλακτικό, έμπειρο και χαλαρό. Συνεχή πολιτικοκοινωνικά σχόλια, υποβόσκον σκανδιναβικό χιούμορ, επιτυχημένη ατμόσφαιρα θρίλερ που θα ζήλευε και ο Michael Mann, «γοητευτικός» κακός-κατά συρροή δολοφόνος και ένα απόκοσμο, ψυχρό και ατμοσφαιρικό τραγούδι τίτλων από τους Choir of Young Believers, το σχήμα του ελληνικής καταγωγής Jannis Noya Makrigiannis. Οι δύο πρώτες σεζόν έχουν ολοκληρωθεί και σε λίγες μέρες ξεκινά η 3η.

“Bron/Broen” (2011-) του Hans Rosenfeldt, μετους Sofia Helin, Kim Bodnia

Net Holistic

I.  Introduction

Earth as we know it is an incredibly complex and fragile network of interconnected systems that have developed slowly over the last 4.5 billion years or so.  From the ashes of the Big Bang this planet emerged as a mass of energy and elements.  From that newly born mass of energy and elements evolved structured, dynamic systems of solids, liquids, and gases.  The evolution of this planet continued to unfold over billions of years in such a unique way that eventually conditions arose with the ability to foster life.

From the smallest microorganisms to the largest animals, all life on Earth has a common ancestor.  Everything is connected to everything.  So how is it that our species has come to dominate the landscape in such a short period of time?  Furthermore, what gives us the right to do so?  In 3.5 billion years of life on Earth everything has followed a natural course of evolution.  However, our rapid success as a species has begun to affect this natural order.  With our population at seven billion and climbing, we have played a tremendous role in the disruption of the Earth’s natural systems.  As we continue to grow and have a greater impact on the Earth’s systems, it is imperative that we address our role and relationship with nature.

The ability of humans to manipulate the landscape and recognize the consequences of doing so puts us in a peculiar position.  As a species we are assigned the duty to provide and proliferate.  Our goal is to achieve stability for ourselves and our kin.  However we also have an obligation to maintain the environment, as we depend on the resources and services it provides.  The question then becomes: what is our role in nature?  Do we have the right to manipulate the land, factory farm animals, and pollute waterways?  Or do we have an obligation to reduce our numbers and merely subsist?  In order to answer these questions we must rely on our knowledge of Earth, evolution, and our influence on the environment.

II.  History

Our relationship with nature has historically been one of imbalance and overuse.  Nearly every step in human history has unfortunately been accompanied with a leap in environmental degradation.  At first, humans were incredibly in-tune with their surroundings.  Nomadic hunter-gatherer tribes used to roam the lands, following the ebb and flow of the seasons.  These tribes had a measurable impact on the environment, but their influence was relatively manageable due to their population size.  With advancements in technology and agriculture though, humans began to find more efficient ways of sustaining themselves.  These advancements allowed for more permanent settlements, which led to rapid population growth and a distancing from nature.

As society evolved, populations grew and more and more resources were required to fuel the expansion.  With breakthroughs in agriculture, settlements became more permanent and cities began to take shape.  This shift to city life inadvertently led to a distancing from nature.  While many people were still in-tune with nature on a subsistent level, the need for more and more resources began to change our regard for nature.

Although our distancing from nature began several thousand years ago with advancements in agriculture and social order, it is the age of industry to which we owe our modern regard for nature.  The growth of cities allowed for a separation between people and nature and our obsession with convenience and efficiency beckoned a new perspective on the environment.  With technological advancements, nature became something we were no longer apart of and entirely subject to, but something that we could control and profit off of.  The growth of industry enabled humans to truly dominate the landscape and disrupt the natural systems that have been in place for billions of years.

As we have removed ourselves further and further from nature, we have developed a willing ignorance of our role and relationship within it.  With the growth of cities and trade we have moved from a subsistent, sustainable economy to one of greed and exploitation.  Humans have always had an impact on the environment, but with the age of industry that impact has been ultra-magnified.  Population growth has been exponentiated, cities have become the primary place of residence, and the majority of the world is now out of touch with the workings of nature.

Although every species plays a unique role in the biosphere and inherently has its own impact, not every species has the cognitive ability to measure their influence or the capacity to change it.  Humans are unique in that respect, which is the root of the problem.  We are capable of understanding our influence over nature, but we tend to ignore the Earth’s reaction to our presence.  I am not arguing that we purposefully degrade nature, but that environmental degradation is an inherent trait of our population’s perpetual progression.  We know we are crippling the environment.  We have the ability to do something about it.  Therefore, we should make change where change is necessary.

III.  Economy

The size of our population and its incessant desire to expand has an obvious impact on the environment.  However, that impact is magnified with the demands of industry and capitalism.  In his book, Regarding Nature, Andrew McLaughlin identifies industrialism and the capitalist mindset as being especially influential on our regard for nature: “The economic systems that we construct and live within are, I suggest, the primary immediate causes of our relations between society and the rest of nature” (Regarding Nature, P. 12).  Further causing a perceived division from nature is the economic structure we have allowed to infect most of the world.

Capitalism is an especially destructive force in our regard for nature as it encourages a monetary-driven social hierarchy based on the encroaching exploitation of our world’s resources.  Our relationship with nature has now become purely economic.  We do not associate ourselves as a part of nature because we use it for profit.  Forests are cut down for the profits of the lumber industry and to make room for livestock.  Animals that we are undoubtedly related to, that have senses and the ability to socialize are slaughtered by the billions to feed an increasingly carnivorous population.  Resources such as oil and food are all unevenly distributed throughout the world and therefore used as a platform for profit.  All the while the environment bears the grunt of our greed.

We not only encourage a division amongst ourselves through the commoditization of the world’s resources, we encourage a division between man and nature.  In order to reconstruct our views of nature and understand our place within it, it is important to reconsider our relationship with each other and our surroundings.  As Aldo Leopold puts it, man “…has not learned to think like a mountain” (A Sand County Almanac, P. 11).  We have to consider ourselves as part of a bigger picture.  Industry and capitalism rely heavily on ignorance and individualism.  However, the reality is that we are all dependent upon each other in one way or another.

IV.  Time for Change

Humans play a vital role in nature just like everything else.  What separates us from nature though, is the ability to understand our place within it.  This cognitive capacity of ours has historically been the cause of a perceived division between man and nature.  However, in order to achieve a sustainable future in which humans assume a more natural role and have less of an impact it is imperative that we reconsider our role and relationship with nature.  A change in the way we regard nature has obvious political, economic, and social repercussions, but our cognitive ability obliges us to reevaluate our position in the world rather than continue to degrade it.

There are a number of ways in which we can begin to reconsider our relationship with nature, but all of which require an enormous effort.  Through a universal education curriculum, it is possible to encourage people everywhere to consider themselves as part of a larger picture.  By teaching people about the environment, evolution, and ecology, we can provide them with the tools for change.  Lewis Mumford imagined a social revolution brought about by a change in values through educational reform: “The humanizing of technology and the protection of diversity were both contingent on a fundamental change in values” (Minding Nature, P.219).  In order to bring about necessary change it is critical that people take action.  Through a universal environmental education program it is possible to galvanize people into forming new ideas and opinions of the world and to understand their place within it.

A universal education program would go a long way in encouraging change in how we view each other and our environment.  Changing attitudes are a primary component in achieving a sustainable future – one in which nature is allowed to run its course without human intervention.  Gregg Easterbrook discusses a similar future in his The Ecorealist Manifesto: “…the long-term purview of nature might be combined with the short-term insights of the genus Homo in ways that allow people, machines, and nature to work together for each other’s mutual benefit” (The Ecorealist Manifesto, P. 1).  In order for the Earth to retain its balance, it is important that we not overstep our bounds as a species.  This requires a universal effort to reevaluate our relationship with nature and make adjustments as needed.

V.  Conclusion

After thousands of years of societal evolution, we find ourselves at the peak of technology and pollution.  We are already seeing the effects of our industrial ways through the extinction of species, the melting of glaciers, and the destruction of the landscape.  As we continue to disturb the world’s natural systems we are recognizing a rippling of consequences.  Our recognition of these effects suggests that our role in nature is far more influential than it should be.  Therefore it is necessary that we make major changes and that we make them soon.

Our role within nature should be one of subsistence rather than commercialization.  We have exploited the world for too long and the consequences of doing so are everywhere.  As everything is related to everything, we have no right to infringe on the livelihood of any other species.  In fact, our cognitive ability and understanding of nature obliges us to maintain the integrity of the environment.  So we must change how we influence the land.  We must respect the natural order of things and find a way to live accordingly.

Although a change in attitudes would require a complete overhaul of our current economic and political structures, it is something that must be done.  As history shows, if we continue to encourage expansion and development it is very likely that we will see major effects in climate and ecology.  We have seen the destructive nature of industrialism and capitalism.  We can predict and measure the effects of our actions on the environment.  We know we are headed in the wrong direction and we are expecting major consequences.  So why don’t we do something about it?

VI.  References

  • McLaughlin, Andrew. Regarding Nature: Industrialism and Deep Ecology. Albany: State University of New York, 1993. Print.
  • Leopold, Aldo, Charles Walsh Schwartz, and Aldo Leopold. A Sand County Almanac. With Other Essays on Conservation from Round River. New York: Oxford UP, 1966. Print.
  • Macauley, David. Minding Nature: The Philosophers of Ecology. New York: Guilford, 1996. Print.
  • Easterbrook, Gregg. “The Ecorealist Manifesto.” The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 1995. Web. 13 Apr. 2014.

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