|Cecilia Manguerra Brainard|
|Notable work||When the Rainbow Goddess Wept|
Cecilia Manguerra Brainard is an author and editor of 20 books. She co-founded PAWWA or Philippine American Women Writers and Artists; she also founded Philippine American Literary House. Brainard's works include the World War II novel, When the Rainbow Goddess Wept, The Newspaper Widow, Magdalena, and Woman With Horns and Other Stories. She edited several anthologies including Fiction by Filipinos in America, Contemporary Fiction by Filipinos in America, and two volumes of Growing Up Filipino I and II, books used by educators.
Cecilia Manguerra Brainard (born 1947) grew up [[Cebu Cit ]], Philippines, the youngest of four children to Concepcion Cuenco Manguerra and Mariano F. Manguerra. The death of her father when she was nine prompted her to start writing, first in journals, then essays and fiction. She attended St. Theresa's College and Maryknoll College in the Philippines; and she did graduate work at UCLA.
Brainard has worked with Asian American youths for which she received a Special Recognition Award from the Los Angeles Board of Education. She has also received awards from the California State Senate, 21st District, several USIS Grants, a California Arts Council Fellowship, an Outstanding Individual Award from the City of Cebu, Philippines, Brody Arts Fund Award, a City of Los Angeles Cultural grant, and many more. The books she has written and edited have also won awards, the Gintong Aklat Award and the International Gourmand Award among them. Her work has been translated into Finnish and Turkish.
Brainard's second novel, Magdalena inspired the playwright Jocelyn Deona de Leon to write a stage play, Gabriela's Monologue, which was produced in 2011 by the Bindlestiff Studio in San Francisco as part of Stories XII! annual production showcasing original works for the stage by Pilipino/Filipino American Artists.
Brainard's writings can be found in periodicals such as Town and Country, Zee Lifestyle Magazine, Focus Philippines, Philippine Graphic, Amerasia Journal, Bamboo Ridge among others. Her stories have been anthologized in books such as Making Waves (1989), Songs of Ourselves (1994), On a Bed of Rice (1995), "Pinay: Autobiographical Narratives by Women Writers, 1926-1998" (Ateneo 2000), "Asian American Literature" (Glencoe McGraw-Hill 2001),Cherished (New World Library, 2011), and others.
Novels and short story collections (writer)
- Acapulco at Sunset and other Stories (short story collection, Anvil, 1995)
- Angelica's Daughters, a Dugtungan Novel (a collaborative novel co-authored by Brainard, Cuizon, Evangelista, Montes, and Sarreal, Anvil, 2010)
- "Gokkusagi Tanricasi Agladginda" (Turkish edition of "When the Rainbow Goddess Wept" Bilge Kultur Sanat, translated by Fusun Talay, 2001)
- Magdalena (novel, Plain View Press, 2002), (University of Santo Tomas Publishing House, 2016)
- The Newspaper Widow (novel, University of Santo Tomas Publishing House, 2017)
- Vigan and other Stories (short story collection, Anvil, 2011)
- When the Rainbow Goddess Wept (novel, Dutton, 1994), which first appeared as Song of Yvonne, (New Day Publishers, 1991) (Plume paperback, 1995), (University of Michigan Press, 1999)
- Woman With Horns and Other Stories (short story collection, New Day Publishers, 1988)
Short story collections (edited)
- Ala Carte Food and Fiction (Edited by Brainard and Orosa, Anvil, 2007)
- Contemporary Fiction by Filipinos in America (Anvil, 1998)
- Fiction by Filipinos in America (New Day, 1993)
- Growing Up Filipino: Stories for Young Adults (PALH & Anvil, 2003)
- Growing Up Filipino II: More Stories for Young Adults (PALH, 2010)
- Seven Stories from Seven Sisters: A Collection of Philippine Folktales (Co-editor, PAWWA, 1992)
- The Beginning and Other Asian Folktales (Co-editor, PAWWA, 1995)
Non-fiction collections (edited)
- Behind the Walls: Life of Convent Girls" (Edited by Brainard and Orosa, Anvil, 2005)
- Finding God: True Stories of Spiritual Encounters" (Edited by Brainard and Orosa, Anvil, 2009)
- Journey of 100 Years: Reflections on the Centennial of Philippine Independence (Edited by Brainard and Litton, Anvil, PAWWA, 1999)
- Magnificat: Mama Mary's Pilgrim Sites (Edited by Brainard, Anvil, 2012)
- Philippine Woman in America (New Day Publishers, 1991)
- Cecilia's Diary: 1962-1969 (memoir, Anvil, 2003)
- Fundamentals of Creative Writing" (Anvil, 2009)
- Out of Cebu: Essays and Personal Prose (personal essays, University of San Carlos Press, 2012)
- Philippine Woman in America (New Day Publishers, 1991)
- Top Hat Award from the Philippine American Business Improvement and Development (2015)
- Certificate of Recognition from the United States House of Representatives (Juan Vargas) (2015)
- Gintong Aklat Award (Golden Book Award), for Finding God: True Stories of Spiritual Encounters (coedited with Marily Y. Orosa) (2009)
- Gourmand Award, for Ala Carte Food & Fiction (coedited with Marily Y. Orosa) (2008)
- Certificate of Recognition from the Cebu Provincial Government (2006)
- Amazing Alumni Achiever Award from Maryknoll College, QC, RP (2003)
- Certificate of Recognition from the California State Senate, 21st District (Jack Scott) (2001)
- Filipinas Magazine Achievement Award for Arts and Culture (2001)
- California State Summer School for the Arts Award (2000)
- Outstanding Individual Award from the City of Cebu, Philippines (1997)
- USIS Travel Lecture Grants (1995 & 1997)
- Makati Rotarian Award (1994)
- Literature Award, Filipino Women's Network (1992)
- City of Los Angeles Certificate of Appreciation (1992)
- Brody Arts Fund Fellowship (1991)
- Special Recognition Award, Los Angeles Board of Education (1991)
- City of Los Angeles Cultural Grant (1990–91)
- California Arts Council Artists' Fellowship in Fiction (1989–90)
- Abao, Jane Frances P. 2001. "Retelling the Stories, Rewriting the Bildungsroman: Cecilia Manguerra Brainard's When the Rainbow Goddess Wept ." Humanities Diliman (January–June).
- Adler, Les. 1996. "Acapulco at Sunset and Other Stories: A Review." Pilipinas 26 (Spring).
- Alexice, Mya. Book Review of "The Newspaper Widow" - Foreword Reviews, January/February 2018.
- Anonas-Carpio, Alma. "The Tremendous Power of Secrets" Cecilia Manguerra Brainard's "Magdalena" - book review in Philippines Graphic, March 2, 2018.
- Aubry, Erin. "A Child's Vision of Life During Wartime." Los Angeles Times. November 15, 1994, E-8.
- Beltran, Marie G. "Woman With Horns and Other Concerns." Filipinas (May 1995): 29, 56.
- Casper, Leonard. "BACK-AZIMUTH Filipino Writers Abroad." Kinaadman XXVII (2005): 69-82.
- Casper, Leonard. Rev. of Song of Yvonne, Philippine Studies 41 (2nd Quarter 1993): 251-54.
- Cruz, Isagani R. "The Pleasures of Ubec, Otherwise Known as Cebu." Starweek: The Sunday Magazine of the Philippine Star (October 29, 1995): 20.
- Cruz, Jhoanna Lynn. "Cecilia Manguerra Brainard's Fiction: Bridging Distances". Likha, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1994-1995: 14-22.
- Campomanes, Oscar V. 2012. "Cecilia Manguerra Brainard,Scenographer." Introduction of Cecilia Manguerra Brainard's Vigan and Other Stories (2012).
- Diores, Luis. "Cecilia Manguerra-Brainard: Fiction is Organic to me." Kulokabildo: Dialogues with Cebuano Writers Ed. Yu, Hope S. University of San Carlos Cebuano Studies Center, 2009, 125-132.
- Grice, Helen. "Artistic Creativity, Form, and Fictional Experimentation in Filipina American Fiction." MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 29.1 (2004): 181-198.
- Lauron, Cheryl Grace Palang. "The Adolescent Filipino in Cecilia Manguerra Brainard's Select Short Fictions: Learning Activities." MA Education Thesis, Cebu Technological University, 2015.
- Lim Jr., Paulino (2012), "Diplotic (Double Vision) Consciousness of Overseas Filipino Writers." A Paper delivered at the Ninth International Conference on the Philippines, Oct 28-30, 2012 at Michigan State University, page 5.
- Magan, Rhodora G. "Cecilia Manguerra Brainard's Oriental Oriental "Magdalena": A Linguistic Reinvention." GSTF Journal of Law and Social Sciences (JLSS) Vol. 4, No. 2, 2015.
- Magan, Rhodora G. "Eve and Her Beings: A Chopin-Brainard Simulation." A Paper delivered at the Asian Conference on Literature & Librarianship, April 2–5, 2015 in Osaka, Japan.
- Pieri, Caterina E. (2003). "Tesi di Laurea: When the Rainbow Goddess Wept di Cecilia Manguerra Brainard." MA in English, Literary Translation Thesis, Universita di Torino, Italy.
- Rafols, Margarita. 2010. "Hide and Seek: Redefining 'Filipino' in Cecilia Manguerra Brainard's Fiction by Filipinos in America (1993) and Contemporary Fiction by Filipinos in America (1997)." BA Literature Thesis, Ateneo de Manila University.
- Rimando, Ruth S. (2006). "Foregrounding Myths and Legends in Cecilia Manguerra Brainard's When the Rainbow Goddess Wept." BA. Literature Thesis, University of Santo Tomas.
- Wigley, John Jack (2004). "Representations of the Female Body in Cecilia Manguera Brainard's Fiction." MA Literature Thesis, University of Santo Tomas.
- Wigley, John Jack. "From Waxing to Waning: Woman's Psychosexual Development in Selected Short Stories of Cecilia Manguerra Brainard and Michelle Cruz Skinner." Inter/Sections (February 18, 2008):48-49.
- Ty, Eleanor. "Cecilia Manguerra Brainard. Asian American Novelists: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2000, 29-33.
- Ty, Eleanor. "'Never Again Be the Yvonne of Yesterday': Personal and Collective Loss in Cecilia Brainard's Song of Yvonne." In Writing Dispossession, Writing Desire: Asian-American Women Writers. Ed. Srimati Mukherjee.
- Ty, Eleanor. "The Politics of the Visible in Asian North American Narratives", Toronto: University of Toronto Press, ISBN 978-0802086044.
- ^ abcdefg"Who's Who of Asian Americans?", A Biography of Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, Asian American.net, retrieved on: June 16, 2007
- ^ abcdefgh"Cecilia Manguerra Brainard b. 1947", A Biography of Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, Voices.cla.Umn.edu, University of Minnesota, 2006, retrieved on: June 16, 2007
- ^ abcdef"What Are You Writing On?", Writers on Their Works in Progress: Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, Author, TooBeautiful.orgArchived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine., retrieved on: June 16, 2007
- ^Casper, Leonard (1996), Sunsurfers Seen From Afar:Critical Essays 1991-1996, Manila: Anvil, p. 75, ISBN 9712705404
- ^Ty, Eleanor (2004), The Politics of the Visible in Asian North American Narratives, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, p. 234, ISBN 978-0802086044
- ^Manlapaz, Edna (2003), Filipino Women Writers in English, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, p. 183, ISBN 9715504515
- ^/The History of Filipino Women's Writings], retrieved on: September 21, 2012
- ^Hubler, Dana (Mar–April 1997), An Interview with Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, Palm Coast, Fl: Poets & Writers Magazine, p. 97
- ^Grow, L.M. (2003), And Quiet Flows the Dawn, Quezon City: Giraffe, p. 77, ISBN 9718832815
- ^Advisors, Program (2001), Asian American Literature, Columbus, Ohio: Glencoe McGraw-Hill, p. 150, ISBN 978-0078229299
- ^Pantoja, Cristina (1994), Filipino Woman Writing: Home and Exile in the Autobiographical Narratives of Ten Writers, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, p. 95, ISBN 9715501133
The first section presents the quantitative results gathered through surveys and linguistic tests. This is followed by the results on the qualitative data (Discourse Completion Task).
Research question 1
Pearson product moment correlations between topic knowledge and essay score
Research question 2
Pearson poduct moment correlations between essay scores and writing background
Research question 3
Pearson product moment correlations between idea generation process and essay scores
Research question 4
Pearson product moment correlations between linguistic knowledge measures and essay scores
Do you believe that topic familiarity or your knowledge about the topic contributed to the success of your diagnostic essay and helped you get a high grade in your essay? Why or why not?
All respondents except one replied with an affirmative on this question. They indicated that topic familiarity enabled them to provide more information and enough supporting details—elements that are considered to be important factors in assessing essays. In addition, topic familiarity mattered in the generation of ideas. Here are some of their replies:
Yes, because you have more knowledge about the topic and you have more information to add in your supporting details. (Respondent 34)
Yes, because knowing the background of the topic can bring depth to the essay. (Respondent 2)
Yes, it can affect mainly because I would not have enough supporting details for my topic sentence. (Respondent 4)
Yes. Because if you are familiar about the topic you can write many supporting details that are necessary in your essay. (Respondent 23)
Yes, because when you are familiar with a topic, it is easier to develop a paragraph because of the knowledge you possess. Also, it would not be hard to think of ideas. (Respondent 8)
Yes, because when you know more about the topic, there would be more ideas and the quality of the essay is efficient. (Respondent 9)
Do you believe that your high school writing background contributed to your performance in writing the diagnostic essay? Why or why not?
In this part of the survey, 21% of the respondents replied that their high school writing background had no effect on their present writing performance. Here are some of the reasons for their claim:
My background had no contribution for my present performance for I was poorly oriented in my high school writing and yet I did not perform poorly in my essay. (Respondent 9)
In a way, no because I have poor background in writing, but I am not doing poorly. (Respondent 23)
I think it’s not because I was a bad writer in high school. (Respondent 13)
I don’t think so. I find college writing very different from high school writing. In fact, I am using different writing strategies this college compared when I was in high school. Besides, I am not really a good writer during my high school years but I got a good grade in my diagnostic and other essays. This proves that writing background does not matter. (Respondent 17)
On the other hand, 79% acknowledged writing background as having a part in their success in writing their diagnostic essay; they believed that high school writing experience gave them a foundation for writing. Here are some of their reasons for thinking that their writing background had to do with their present writing performance:
Yes, because having good knowledge in a topic can still be ruined by a bad background in writing. On the other hand, a good background in writing can be the saving grace for someone with limited knowledge of a topic. (Respondent 33)
Of course, because high school days were the days that I learned to write an essay and to believe that I can write them on my own. It gave me confidence with my English writing. (Respondent 39)
Do you believe that your text production processes such as idea generation while composing played a role in your writing performance? Why or why not?
As regards the role of text production processes such as idea generation, the respondents had a unanimous answer. They reported that the processes they had activated while writing the essay had a direct relationship with the product of their essay. Here are what they had to say on this claim:
Yes, if you generated ideas really well, then you will come up with a very good essay. (Respondent 16)
Yes, because it affects the delivery of ideas. (Respondent 36)
Yes it does. This text production process greatly helps the writer. The process makes the writing flow much easier. (Respondent 38)
Do you believe that your linguistic knowledge such as grammar usage, vocabulary, and spelling has a bearing in your success in writing the diagnostic essay? Why or why not?
To this question, all the respondents have a unanimous affirmative reply, indicating that the content of the message is dependent on the linguistic structures they form. The respondents considered linguistic knowledge as an important factor in the creation of meaning during the text production, thereby affecting the comprehensibility of the message being transmitted.
I believe that my linguistic knowledge play the biggest role in writing an effective essay because I will be able to better express myself. (Respondent 2)
Yes. Linguistic knowledge greatly affects the quality of an essay because it will affect on how the reader comprehends your essay. Having the improper linguistic knowledge will give the readers a difficult time in understanding your essay. (Respondent 28)
Yes because these are very important in English writing. Wrong grammar and spelling and wrong vocabulary use can alter the meaning of the message. (Respondent 12)
Yes, because my linguistic knowledge affects the effectiveness of the delivery of the ideas I want to convey in my essays. (Respondent 36)
I believe that wide vocabulary and being able to follow grammatical rules will greatly affect the quality of an essay. The essay would not be effective if there are flaws on the grammar or has faults on spelling. (Respondent 25)