Jihad E Musalsal Urdu Essay In Urdu

mantiq, fiqh, hadith, tibb, algebra, mathematics, kalaam, spiritualism, mysticism, oratory

and metaphysics under his father. Thereafter, he was inducted into the tradition of bay'at

by his father and, by the age of seventeen, he was permitted to provide spiritual guidance

to and reform his fellow Muslims.

On the death of his father when he was hardly seventeen years old, he became a mudarris

(teacher) at Madrasa Rahimiyya. He held this position for twelve years. Then, in 1731,

Shah Waliullah performed Hajj. He reached Makkah on May 21 and performed Hajj,

after which he proceeded to Madina. There, he attended Shaikh Abu Tahir Muhammad

bin Ibrahim Kurdi Madani's discourses on hadith. Shah Waliullah studied Sihah Sitta,

Mu'atta Imam Malik, Masnad Da'armi, and Imam Muhammad's Al A'saar under him.

Thereafter, he returned to Makkah, performed another Hajj, studied Mu'atta Imam Malik

for a second time under Shaikh Wafadullah Maliki Makki, and attended the discourses of

Shaikh Tajuddin Hanafi Qala'i Makki on Sihah Sitta. Then, he was permitted to teach all

of the kitabs of hadith by Shaikh Tajuddin.

Thereafter, Shah Waliullah returned to India. His journey back to India lasted six months

and he reached Delhi on January 1, 1733.

Achievements and Services

During his sojourn in Makkah, Shah Waliullah had a dream in which Rasulullah

commanded him to reform the organization and emancipation of Muslims in India. Thus,

after he returned to Delhi, he started his work in earnest. This was in a period when

Muslims in India were passing through the most critical phase of their history and their

entire social, political, economic and spiritual fabric was torn to pieces. On his arrival in

Delhi, he started to train his pupils in diverse branches of Islam and entrusted them with

the mission of enlightening people with the true nature of Islam. He embarked upon the

task of authoring standard works on Islam and was able to complete a number of works

on Islam.

Shah Waliullah rose to be an eminent scholar of Islamic studies. He was a prominent

intellectual figure whose mission was to reform the Muslims he saw as misguided. His

activities were not confined to spiritual and intellectual spheres only. He lived in troubled

times and witnessed a number of rulers occupying the throne of Delhi. With his keen

political insight, he observed the deterioration of Muslim rule in India and wrote to a

number of political dignitaries to attempt to bolster the political life of Muslims in India.

He established several branches of Madrasa Rahimiyya in Delhi in order to effectively

disseminate his knowledge.

Literary career

Shah Waliullah was a prolific writer as well. In the realm of Islam, he produced a number

of memorable literary works and, within a period of thirty years, he wrote a total of fifty-

one works of merit, twenty-eight in Arabic and twenty-three in Persian. Some of these are

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سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ عَدَدَ خَلْقِهِ وَرِضَا نَفْسِهِ وَزِنَةَ عَرْشِهِ وَمِدَادَ كَلِمَاتِهِ "Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, `adada khalqihi, Wa rida nafsihi, Wa zinatah `arshihi, Wa midada kalimatihi" Allah Pack hay aur Sari Tarife Allah ke lie hay, (Paki bayan kartahu uski Tarifo ke sath) uski Makhlukaat ki Tadat ke barabar, aur uski Razamandi ke mutabik, aur uske Ars ke Wazan ke mutabik, aur us Siyahi ke barabar jo uski Tarifo ke alfaz likh ne me istemal ho."

Hadees: Aakhirat ki misal us Darya ke jaisi hay aur Dunya ki jo (pani) Bhigi hui Ungli par laga hay itni hay. Mustaurid RadiAllahu Anhu Bani Fihr ke bhai kahte hay ki RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam ne Farmaya: "Allah ki kasam Dunya Aakhirat ke Mukable mey is tarha hay ki jis tarha tum me se koi Aadmi apni Ungli is Darya mey Dal de (Yahya ne Sahadat ki Ungli ki taraf isarah kiya) aur fir is Ungli ko nikal kar Deykhe ki isme kya laga hay. [Sahih Muslim, Hadees No : 7092]

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